Curly-Coated Retriever is considered to be one of the oldest
retriever breeds. Developed in England, the breed probably resulted from
crosses with the
close-curled English Water dog, the old Water Spaniel
and the St. John's Newfoundland dog. The Curly is a fine water retriever
with a gentle mouth, particularly
ideal for duck and quail. He is an
excellent hunting companion and gun dog, and his gentle temperament also
makes him an outstanding family companion.
They are strong smart upstanding dog, showing activity, endurance and
intelligence. Their body is covered with a tightly curled coat which
does not need trimming.
Curly-Coated Retrievers have an excellent nose
and a good memory. A superb swimmer with great stamina they know how to
carry dead or wounded animals gently in
their mouth. Curly-Coated
Retrievers have also been known to work over difficult terrain.
Height: 25 - 27 inches;
Weight: 70 - 80 lbs.
A large, hardy, athletic retriever with a distinctive crisp curly coat.
The thick, black or liver-colored coat of tight curls protects the dog
from brambles and icy water.
Even the small ears, back of the head, neck
and tapering tail are covered with little curls. Only the face, hocks
and front of the legs are smooth. The ideal Curly
should be agile and
graceful, strong yet elegant. The body is slightly longer than the
height at the withers. The back is strong and level. The head is
longer than it is wide. The foreface and skull are
approximately the same length, with their toplines forming parallel
planes when viewed from the side. The muzzle
tapers to a well-developed
dark nose (black for black dogs, brown for liver dogs). The teeth should
meet in a scissors bite. Ears, rather small, set on a line slightly
the corner of the eye, and lying close to the head. The eyes are
almond-shaped, rather large but not too prominent. Black or brown in
black dogs and brown or amber in
liver dogs. Harsh yellow eyes and loose
haws are undesirable The tail reaches approximately to the hock and is
Temperament: Curly-Coated Retrievers are responsive, friendly,
affectionate, proud. Self-confident, steadfast and proud, this active,
intelligent dog is a charming
and gentle family companion and a
determined, durable hunter. The Curly is alert, biddable and responsive
to family and friends, whether at home or in the field.
nature and discerning intelligence, a Curly sometimes appears aloof or
self-willed, and, as such, is often less demonstrative, particularly
than the other retriever breeds. The Curly's
independence and poise should not be confused with shyness or a lack of
willingness to please. In the show ring, a
correctly-tempered Curly will
steadily stand his ground, submit easily to examination, and might or
might not wag his tail when doing so. In the field, the Curly is eager,
persistent and inherently courageous. At home, he is calm and
affectionate. Shyness is a fault and any dog who shies away from show
ring examination should be
penalized. Minor allowances can be made for
puppies who misbehave in the show ring due to over exuberance or lack of
training or experience.
With Children: Yes, provided children do not pester them.
With Pets: Yes, usually gets along well with other animals.
Special Skills: Field sports dog and family pet.
Care and Exercise: Minimal coat care is required for Curly-Coated
Retrievers. Periodic brushing is all that is needed. Exercise consist of
a long daily walk,
outdoor activity such as fetching sticks and
Training: An intelligent breed, Curly-Coated Retrievers need training
that will be a challenge as monotony will cause them to lose interest.
If this breed does not get
enough exercise or work they can be very
Living Environment: A home with a fenced yard is essential. Curly-Coated
Retrievers should also have the opportunity to swim on occasion. A firm
yet patient leader
is needed for this breed. Does well with a hunter as
they is an excellent water retriever.
A show dog requires additional grooming,
in the form of scissoring off excess hair from tail, front and rear
legs, ears, etc. This can be quite an extensive project for
have not been show-groomed before. Grooming this way is a choice of the
dog's owner; the Curly-Coated Retriever standard does not require this
grooming for any Curly shown in a conformation ring although it might be
difficult to win in the show ring if your Curly is not groomed this way.
Country of Origin: Great Britain